In a landmark decision on affirmative action, the United States Supreme Court ruled in favor of Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin, stating that universities may consider race as one factor in their admissions decisions. The 5-3 ruling was seen as a win for supporters of affirmative action, who argue that the policy is necessary to promote diversity on college campuses. In her dissenting opinion, Justice Antonin Scalia argued that the Court’s decision would lead to more race-based discrimination, while Justice Samuel Alito said that affirmative action policies are “destructive” and create a “class-based system.” Critics say that affirmative action programs benefit wealthier students who can afford preparatory classes and tutoring services, while disadvantaged students are denied admission opportunities.
How did the Supreme Court justify Fisher vs University of Texas’s pro affirmative-action ruling? The Constitution of the University of Texas at Austin’s affirmative-action program in Fisher II was upheld by the US Supreme Court. In this case, the AAUP filed an amicus brief. Fisher argued that UT Austin’s discriminatory use of race in admissions decisions violated Fisher’s Fourteenth Amendment right to equal protection.
How the Supreme Court Justified Its Pro Affirmative Action Ruling in Fisher v University
The court’s decision upheld the Fifth Circuit’s decision that a university may use race as a factor in admissions decisions, but there was a big dissent in the majority opinion. Justice Anthony M. Kennedy wrote the majority opinion, which was joined by Justices Stephen Breyer, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, and Sonia Sotomayor. The court held that Fisher’s admissions policy did not violate his constitutional right to equal protection of the laws.
Arguments for affirmative action
The Fifth Circuit’s reasoning in Fisher v University does not hold up under strict scrutiny. The university argues that its race-conscious admissions program advances educational goals. However, UT fails to specify these goals and show how the program is narrowly tailored to those goals. The court notes that the program has given a disproportionate boost to minority students, which lowers the admissions odds for all other applicants.
Interest in a diverse student body as a compelling interest
The Asian American Legal Foundation argues that the UT admissions policy discriminates against Asian applicants by treating them as “overrepresented” on campus. The American Center for Law and Justice agrees, saying that the government cannot define race. But the Court does not agree. The court does find the government’s interest in diversity to be compelling, and the ruling in Fisher is an important step in this direction.
Educational benefit as a compelling interest
In resolving this issue, the U.S. Supreme Court affirmed the compelling interest in educational diversity and sent the Fisher v. University case back to the Court of Appeals. Justice Powell’s synthesis upheld the Bakke standard for educational diversity and included broad diversity in college campuses as a compelling interest. The court cited various examples to support its position. Read on to find out more.
Using race as a factor in admissions decisions
Using race as a factor in admission decision is a controversial topic. In the past, college admissions officers tried to strike a balance between diversity and credibility by requiring a certain percentage of black students. In the Regent v. Bakke case, the U.S. Supreme Court decided that public universities could not set forced quotas but still use race as a factor in admission decisions. Today, however, there are many challenges to these policies.
Impact of Fisher v University on HBCUs
A recent Supreme Court ruling has created a stir in the college admissions industry, and will determine whether HBCUs can use race as a factor in admissions. Ruth Bader Ginsburg, who wrote the Fisher decision, has also voiced concerns. The Court’s ruling may perpetuate barriers to public college admissions and lucrative careers for minority students. The decision could also spark a debate about the best way to recruit historically disenfranchised groups.
What decision did the Supreme Court make in Fisher v Texas The Supreme Court decided in a 7-1 ruling that affirmative-action admissions policies must be subject to strict scrutiny in any court review.
Which decision did the Supreme Court make in Fisher v UT Austin at quizlet The Supreme Court ruled against a university using racial “quotas”, but the school’s use “affirmative actions” to admit more minorities was allowed in certain situations.
Why did the Supreme Court decide in Gratz v Bollinger, that the University of Michigan’s use of racial preference violates the equal protection clause of Section 14th Amendment? The admission policy of a state university was in violation the Equal Protection Clause, the Fourteenth Amendment. Its ranking system automatically gave a point increase to all racial minority students rather than making individual selections.
How does the Supreme Court justify its affirmative action proclamation in Fisher v University of Texas – Similar Questions
What is affirmative activity? What is the Supreme Court’s general view on affirmative-action?
What is the Supreme Court’s overall position on affirmative actions? Affirmative actions are a deliberate effort against de facto discrimination to provide equal opportunities in areas like education and employment for historically disadvantaged groups.
Why was Fisher’s v Texas important
University of Texas at Austin, also called Fisher II, legal case, decided on , in which the U.S. Supreme Court affirmed (4–3) a ruling of the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals that had upheld the undergraduate admissions policy of the University of Texas at Austin, which incorporated a limited program of …
What does the Hopwood v Texas court case mean?
In 1996, the Fifth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals ruled on Texas. Appeal court ruled that the University of Texas School of Law couldn’t use race to determine which applicants were admitted to the university.
What was the Supreme Court’s decision in Rodriguez v San Antonio Independent Schools District regarding unfair school funding?
The United States Supreme Court’s San Antonio ISD v. Rodriguez (1973), which was 5-4, ruled there was no constitutional right to equal education. There was no violation of Texas’ rights and the state retained jurisdiction over Texas’ public schools finance system.
Did Gratz v Bollinger uphold affirmative action?
Bollinger, a case decided on by the United States Supreme Court, upheld affirmative action admissions policy of University of Michigan Law School. In order to foster student diversity, the decision allowed for the use racial preference in student admits.
What was the result of Gratz v Bollinger
Bollinger was an American Supreme Court case involving the University of Michigan’s undergraduate affirmative-action admissions policy. The Supreme Court announced that it had ruled that the university’s point system was too mechanical and therefore unconstitutional in a decision of 6-3.
How is Gratz v Bollinger different from Grutter v Bollinger
Answer: Gratz v. Bollinger challenged the undergraduate admissions system at UM’s College of Literature, the Arts and Sciences (“LSA”); Grutter v. The Court struck down the undergraduate system in Gratz but upheld the Law School admissions system at issue in Grutter.
What was the Supreme Court’s decision on affirmative action?
What was the Supreme Court’s decision on affirmative action? They declared that racial and ethnic quotas were illegal.
What did affirmative action do to civil rights?
Under the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and an executive order of 1965, the federal government instituted affirmative action policies. Federal funds were not allowed to be used by businesses that had received federal funds for aptitude tests or any other criteria that could discriminate against African Americans.
What was the impact of Fisher V University of Texas?
In Fisher v. University of Texas (2013), the United States Supreme Court ruled that affirmative action policies in public schools are constitutionally valid. This was the fourth decision by the Court in ten years.
What was Fisher V University of Texas 2016 really all about?
Fisher sued the University, claiming that the University’s use of race in its admissions process was in violation of the Equal Protection Clause under the Fourteenth Amendment. The District Court ruled that the University’s admission process was constitutional. The Fifth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals affirmed.
When was affirmative-action passed?
1965. President Lyndon B. Johnson issued E.O. 11246, which required all subcontractors and government contractors to affirmatively expand opportunities for minorities.
What was Smith v Allwright’s result?
321 U.S. 649. (1944) was a landmark United States Supreme Court decision regarding voting rights. It overturned the Texas state law allowing parties to establish their own internal rules. This included the use of white primaries.
What was the Rose vs Council for Better Education?
Rose v. Council for Better Education in 1989, the Kentucky Supreme Court ruled that the General Assembly failed to meet the constitutional requirement of providing an efficient system for common schools throughout the State.
Why was the Robin Hood Plan created?
The Robin Hood plan was a name given by media to legislation the U.S. State of Texas passed in 1993 in Texas to provide court-mandated equitable financing for all Texas school districts. It was in response the Texas Supreme Court’s decision in Edgewood Independent Schools District v. Kirby.
What was the Supreme Court of Texas’ decision in Edgewood v Kirby 1989 ()?
The U.S. District Court panel of three judges unanimously ruled that education is a fundamental constitutional right, and that wealth-based categories such as Texas are constitutionally suspect.
What did the Supreme Court’s decision in Grutter v Bollinger 2003 have to do with colleges and universities?
Bollinger, 2003 case in which Bollinger was overruled by the Supreme Court. This decision allowed race to play a small role in university admissions. A Grutter ruling could mean that affirmative action policies at U.S. public university admissions would be ended.
How did the Supreme Court reduce affirmative-action laws?
What caused the Supreme Court’s weakening of affirmative action laws The Court ruled affirmative action policies should be subject to strict scrutiny. Some affirmative actions policies were in violation of the Fourteenth Amendment.
What was the Supreme Court reasoning in Civil Rights Cases1883 to explain why Congress could not prohibit discrimination within public accommodations?
The Supreme Court ruled that the act could not prohibit public discrimination because it was private and not state-mandated.
What was the Supreme Court’s position on affirmative action in college admissions, Grutter v Fisher University of Texas
Bollinger (2003). In Bollinger, the Supreme Court ruled that affirmative action for school admission is constitutional if the applicant is treated as one of many factors.
What level of scrutiny should affirmative action policies be subject to now?
Strict scrutiny: To evaluate affirmative-action programs, courts must conduct a strict examination. Strict scrutiny is the standard used in the litigation of affirmative actions cases. Strict scrutiny is applied by judges in these cases because they give preferential treatment to a class of citizens–racial minorities.