War is not something new. There have always been wars. There are many reasons wars are fought: greed, legacy, money, connections countries, and more. This blog post will discuss the 8 Main Reasons War is Fighting!
The US military is moving. Up until the end of the nineteenth century, war was often fought in a series of small-scale battles. The way that battles are waged has changed with the advent of technology and other innovations such as asymmetric warfare. Continue reading to find out my eight most common reasons for conflict.
What exactly is a war?
War is a conflict between a nation or group or country that seeks to attain a goal through the use of force. You can also wage civil or revolutionary wars within the borders of a nation.
The Oxford English Dictionary defines “War” as:
- A situation of armed conflict involving two or more countries, or factions within one country.
- An animosity or condition that causes rivalry between different people or organizations.
- Long-term campaigns to address unfavorable circumstances or behaviors.
Wars have been an integral part of human history for thousands of years. They became more destructive as technology and industry advanced.
What is the source of conflict?
It is rare to find a single source of conflict or war. The causes of conflict are often many and often intricately connected.
There have been many theories over the years about why conflicts happen, and some of our greatest minds have shared their insights.
In the next essay, I will give a brief summary of the eight main reasons for conflict. The list is not intended to cover all possible causes of conflict. It is meant to highlight the most common ones.
The Eight Major Causes of War
- Religious Gain
- Economic Gain
- Territorial Gain
- Defensive War
- Civil War
- Revolutionary War
Continue reading for more information about these causes of conflict.
1. Financial Gain
Conflicts are often sparked by a desire by one country to take control of the resources of another. Whatever other reasons, wars are often sparked by an economic motive, regardless of whether the stated goal is something more.
Pre-industrial times saw valuable metals such as gold and silver, or animals like cattle and horses, as the country’s targets.
The resources sought after from conflict are commodities like oil, minerals or other materials.
Experts predict that the fight for basic needs such as water or food will increase as the world’s population increases and resources become scarcer.
There are many examples of wars fought for economic gain throughout history
Anglo-Indian Battles (1766-1849), were a series wars between the British East India Company (BEC) and several Indian kingdoms. These conflicts led to British colonial control over India. This gave Britain unrestricted access to rich and exotic resources native to India.
The Finnish-Soviet War (often called “The Winter War”) lasted from 1939 through 1940. Stalin and his Soviet Army tried to mine nickel in Finland. But the Finns rejected this, so the Soviet Union declared war against the nation.
2. Territorial Advantage
One country might decide that it needs more land to live, farm, or for other purposes. Territorium can also be used as a buffer zone between two enemies.
Buffer zones are the subject of proxy conflicts. These are indirect battles between opposing forces in a third country. Each power supports the side that serves its logistical and military interests, as well as its economic interests.
Proxy battles were common during the Cold War.
Examples of Warfare in History Used to Fight for Territorial Advancement
Mexican-American War (1846-1848). — Mexico claimed the Texas area after the acquisition. The United States defeated Mexico and kept Texas, establishing Texas as a state.
Serbo-Bulgarian War (1885-1886). When the border of the two countries was changed, the river that had been its boundary moved and the town became a battleground for both Serbian and Bulgarian troops.
The Arab-Israeli War (often called the “Six-Day War”) (1967-1988) — Israeli forces took control of the West Bank from Jordan, including East Jerusalem.
3. Religious War
Deep roots can be the source of religious disputes. They may remain unresolved for many years before suddenly surfacing at a later time.
Religious conflicts often have a connection to other causes of war, such as nationalism and retaliation against a historical wrong.
Conflict can arise from different faiths fighting one another.
History has many examples of religious wars
The Crusades (1095-1291), — A series of conflicts were sanctioned by the Latin Church during the medieval period. The goal of the crusaders was to promote Christianity and drive Islam from Europe.
Thirty Years of Conflict (1618-1648). — A group of northern Protestants joined forces to start war after Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II tried to impose Roman Catholicism upon the people of his territory.
Civil War in Lebanon (1975-1990). Conflicts among the Sunni Muslim and Shiite Muslim Sunni Muslims as well as the Christian Lebanese caused the Lebanese Civil War.
Yugoslav Wars (1991-1995): The Yugoslav Wars were the Croatian War, and the Bosnian War. These conflicts were fought by the former Yugoslavia’s orthodox Catholics and Muslim communities.
Second Sudanese Civil War (1983-1905) — This ethnoreligious war was triggered by the decision of the Muslim central government to impose Sharia law upon non-Muslim southers.
Nationalism is simply a way to assert your country’s superiority by imposing dominance. This is often manifested in the form of an invasion.
Dr. Richard Ned Lebow is Professor of International Political Theory at Kings College London’s Department of Conflict Studies. He believes that nationalism or spirit, while there are other causes of war, is almost always present. His article argues that most wars are not fought out of a security or other material concerns but to reflect a nation’s spirit.
“[Literature about war and its causes] believes security is the primary motivation for nations, and insecurity is the main cause of conflict. Plato and Aristotle have taught me that spirit, hunger, and reason are essential drives with specific goals. It is clear that war has always been caused by the spirit.
The idea of imperialism, which is closely related to nationalism is based upon the belief that conquering other nations is glorious and gives glory and esteem the conqueror.
Racism can also be related to nationalism as demonstrated by Hitler’s Germany. Adolf Hitler went to war against Russia partly because the Russians and other eastern Europeans were considered Slavs or inferior races by the Nazis.
History is full of examples of wars fought for nationalism
The Chichimeca War (1550-1590), was one of many battles fought during the Spanish conquest in modern-day Mexico.
First World War (1914-1918). Many countries became involved in the First World War because of their extreme devotion and patriotism. Many prewar Europeans believed that their country was superior in all aspects, including economic and cultural.
The conduct of war often includes the desire to punish, resolve a grievance or retaliate for an alleged wrong. Nationalism is also influenced by revenge, as the people of a country wronged are motivated to fight back through pride and spirit.
This can lead to an endless series of retaliatory conflicts which are very difficult to stop.
In many European conflicts, revenge has been a key factor in the past.
History is full of examples of warfare that was waged for revenge
Second World War (1939-1945). The Treaty of Versailles which imposed harsh sanctions on Germany was directly responsible for Germany’s eventual dominance of Europe and the rise of the Nazi Socialist Party.
War on Terror – President George W. Bush declared war on terror following the attacks on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001. This global conflict started with the invasion of Iraq and continues to this very day.
6. Civil War
These are usually caused by a lot of internal turmoil within a country. There might be disagreements about who should reign, how the country should manage, or the rights of the citizens. Many internal schisms can lead to chasms that result in violent confrontations between opposing groups.
Separatist parties that want to form their own country or, as the American Civil War, states seeking to seize from a larger union can start civil wars.
Civil War Examples from History
As a result, the long-standing debate about slavery led to the American Civil War (1861-1865).
Russian Civil War (1917-1923). — The Russian Civil War broke out soon after the Russian Revolution. The Red Army was competing for Russia’s political destiny.
The Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), was fought between the Republicans who supported the left-wing Second Spanish Republic and the Nationalists. This conservative, primarily aristocratic party was led by General Francisco Franco.
The Korean War (1950-1953), was fought between North Korea and South Korea. China was heavily supporting the South Korean side, while the United States was mostly backing South Korea.
7. Revolutionary War
These are when large swathes of a country’s people revolt against the government or the group that is ruling it. They don’t like their leadership.
Revolutions can be triggered by a variety of reasons, such as economic hardship in particular populations or perceived injustices committed by the ruling party. Unpopular conflicts with other countries can also play a part.
It is possible for revolutionary conflicts to turn into civil wars.
History has many examples of revolutionary warfare
Portuguese Restoration War (1640-1668), — Spain’s 60-year-old hegemony over Portugal was ended by the Portuguese revolution.
The American Revolution (1775-1883) liberated 13 North American colonies under British control and established the United States of America.
The French Revolution (1789-1799), was a conflict that symbolized the rise of the middle class and the decline of the aristocratic.
The Haitian Revolution (1791-1804), a successful slave revolt that made Haiti the first black country to be independent, was a historic event.
8. Defensive Warfare
When military aggression is being challenged in today’s world governments often claim they are fighting to defend an aggressor or potential aggressor. Their conflict is therefore a “just war”.
These defensive battles can be particularly contentious if they are started too early. The underlying idea is that we are striking them before eventually they strike us.
History has many examples of defensive wars
Iraqi War (2003-Present). A multinational coalition led by the United States invaded Iraq under the pretext that Saddam Hussein was creating weapons of destruction and posing a danger to the world’s neighboring countries. Because the United States and Britain were not able to prove that they had weapons of mass destruction, the conflict became contentious.
What causes war? – Similar Questions
What are the 4 causes of war? M-A-I – N is often used to analyze war: militarism, alliances, and imperialism.
What does the term “causes of war” mean? There are two main schools of thought about the causes of war that exist in contemporary theories. One attributes war to certain biological and psychological drives or factors, while the other attributes it to certain social relations and institutions. Both schools have optimists as well as pessimists regarding the prevention of war.
What causes conflict? Information conflicts, values conflicts, and interest conflicts are the main causes of conflict. Relationship conflicts and structural conflicts are also common. Conflicts over incompatible or perceived needs can lead to interest conflicts. These conflicts can arise over money, resources, or time.
Is war good for you or not?
War is bad because it involves intentionally killing or injuring others, which is a fundamental wrong and an abuse of victims’ human rights.
What are the 3 types of war?
These three types of war can be called absolute, instru-mental, and agonistic fighting. Absolute war is an unrestricted, unregulated war. Anonymic fighting is regulated by norms. Instrumental war can or may not be restricted depending on expediency.
What can we do to avoid war?
Diplomacy and arms control are the most common strategies that international relations specialists and political scientists suggest to prevent war. The effectiveness of different approaches to arms control or diplomacy varies.
Which is the most important reason for war?
1. Economic Gain. Sometimes wars are started by one country wanting to control another country’s wealth. … Scientists believe that wars will become more frequent as basic resources are scarcer and the world’s population grows.
Which is the most common reason for war?
Although ideological change is the main cause of conflict and often the root of all wars, there are rarely two causes of disagreement. Congo’s ongoing conflict includes a struggle for its mineral resources as well as, according to some, an invading state like Rwanda.
Why is it important to avoid war?
The very people who have to carry out war are often killed, injured or disabled. It can cause high levels of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and it can also lead to moral injury – i.e., the deep shame or anger felt by soldiers when they kill or injure others. Some soldiers may commit suicide.
What are the advantages of war?
While peace, love, money, and peace are all benefits of war, debt, death and sadness are all disadvantages. Wright said “War arises because of the changing relations of numerous variables-technological, psychic, social, and intellectual.
What positive effects can a victory in war bring?
Some of the positive effects of war include the destruction of bad governments, the corrections of injustices and the advancement of technology and medicine.
What are the causes and consequences of conflict?
These were the ten most important causes of conflict: (1) Win-lose scenario (2) not sharing credit (3) questioning other motives (4) disgruntled clients (5) different perspectives (6) arrogance (7) assumption and feeling judged. The five (5) worst effects of conflict are (1)
What are the disadvantages of war?
War has many disadvantages. They can cause the death or injury of large numbers, economic loss, destruction of the environment, productivity loss, and permanent damage to military personnel. World War II was the most expensive war in terms of death and injury, with 84 millions of people being killed.
What are the negative consequences of war?
The most serious physical effects of war are death, injury, sexual violence and malnutrition. Emotional side effects include post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, depression and anxiety.
What does war do to a country?
War has long-lasting effects on an economy and causes mass destruction in cities. Indirectly, armed conflict can have serious negative effects on infrastructure, public health, and social order. These indirect effects are often ignored and not appreciated.
What is true war?
Although absolute war is often misunderstood and used interchangeably with real war, it is actually war as it exists in real life. In its ideal form, war cannot be waged in a restricted manner, but in reality, a war without limitations would not be possible or preferable.
What’s the future of war?
The nature of warfare is changing due to the impact of emerging technologies. Rapid advancements in unmanned systems and robotics, data processing and autonomy, networking, as well as other enabling technologies, have the potential for a new way of warfighting.
What happens when most wars are over?
Many wars end in CASCON’s historical database because of military victory and not negotiation. Students of conflict in the current era will likely consider a war-ending strategy that results in a decisive victory morally unacceptable.
Is there a solution for every problem with war?
No solution to any problem can be found in war
The barbaric activity of war is one that results in the destruction of property and lives. This is how we understand that war does not solve any problem and only leads to loss for both parties. Therefore, peaceful negotiations should be preferred.
Who is the biggest beneficiary of war?
1. Lockheed Martin Corp. Lockheed Martin Corp. Lockheed Martin has the most significant defense contractor in the entire world. The company, based in Bethesda Maryland, made $44.9 billion last year in arms and defense contracts. This is nearly twice the amount that Boeing sold for.
Is war justifiable?
Only a war is just if it’s fought for a legitimate reason and has sufficient moral weight. A country who wants to use military force must show that it has a legitimate reason to do so. … Sometimes, a war fought in order to prevent a wrong happening can be considered just.
Are essays good or bad for war?
War can be a good thing for a country. It can help them gain wealth, freedom, power and advance in technology. However, war is not always a good thing. Millions of people are killed and their resources are lost.
What are the main causes of water conflicts?
These conflicts are mainly caused by (1) low rainfall and insufficient water supply and dependence on one major source of water; (2) high population growth, rapid urbanization, modernization, and (4) history of armed conflict and poor relations among countries and groups.
What are the effects of conflict?
Forced migration and long-term refugee issues are common outcomes of armed conflict. Permanent damage can occur to social, political and economic institutions. The effects of war, particularly civil war, on development can be devastating.